ASSESSING THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL ON FREQUENTLY PLANTED LAND WITH SHALLOTS AT GUNTARANO VILLAGE, DONGGALA REGENCY, CENTRAL SULAWESI
Submited : April 12, 2023
Published : July 6, 2023
The red onion of the Palu Valley variety is a type of shallot that grows well in the Palu valley and its surroundings. It has a distinctive taste when fried, so it is one of the souvenirs from the city of Palu. This study aimed at examining the soil’s physical properties on land often planted with shallots. This research was conducted in Guntarano Village, Donggala Regency. Soil samples were analysed at the Laboratory of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tadulako. The research was carried out from June to November 2022. The method used was a survey method and the research location was determined deliberately (purposive sampling). The soil samples were taken on shallot farming land at flat and back of the slope. Depending on the area of the land, there were five composite samples where each composite sampling representing from 5-10 points of observation. The results of analystzing the physical properties of the soil showed that the shallot fields had a crumb to lumpy soil structure; medium to heavy bulk density; soil organic matter varied from medium to high; and water conten at field capacity range from 16.12% to 22.85%. The soil in the shallot farming area has begun to show poor soil quality due to high soil porosity (66,09 %) and high soil permeability (13,10 cm/hour).
Arsyad, A.R. 2001. The Effect of Conservation Tillage and Cropping Patterns on the Physical Properties of Ultisol Soil and Corn Yield. Journal of Agronomy. 8(2) :111-116.
Dariah, A., Subagyo H., Tafakresnanto C., and Marwanto S. 2004. Soil Sensitivity to. Erosion. http: // balittanah. R&D. agriculture. go. Id / documents. php? Folder = eng / documentation / books / books % 20 dry land % 20 & filename = 02 sensitivity_tanah_terhada p_erosion & ext = pdf.
Endriani, Zurhalena, Refliaty, and Yulfita F. 2009. Counseling on the Application of Empty Fertilizers as Alternative Fertilizers to Substitute Inorganic Fertilizers to Improve Plant Yields in Marga Mulya Village, Sungai Bahar District. Community Service Report. Jambi University.
Evarnaz, N., Toknok B., and Ramlah S. 2014. Soil Physical Properties under Stands of Ebony (Diospyros Celebica Bakh) in the Pangi Binangga Nature Reserve Area, Parigi Moutong Regency. Jungle News. 2(2) : 109-116.
Galagi, Sri L., Aiyen Aiyen, Muhammad Anshar Pasigai. 2017. Growth And Yield of Onion (Allium ascalonicum L.) Against Various Concentrations of Liquid Organic Fertilizer. Agroland the Agriculture Sciences Journal (e-Jurnal),Vol 4, No 1 (2017): June. Page 26-36. DOI https://doi.org/10.22487/agroland.v4i1.299
Hanafiah, K.A. 1995. Fundamentals of Soil Science. Jakarta: Rajawali Press Publisher.
Islami, T., and W.H., Utomo. 1995. Relations Soil, Water and Plants. IKIP Semarang Press: Semarang.
Kusuma, A.H, Izzati M., and Saptiningsih E. 2013. Effect of Adding Charcoal and Husk Ash with Different Proportions on Permeability and Porosity of Clay and Growth of Mung Beans (Vigna radiata L). Anatomy and Physiology Bulletin. 21(1):1-9.
Mujiyo, Fitriana Romdhati and Hery Widiyanto, Aktavia Herawati, 2021. Land Suitability Evaluation for Banana in Jenewi District, Karanganyar, Indonesia.. Agroland the Agriculture Sciences Journal (e-Jurnal), Vol 8 No 1 (2021) : June, Page 60 – 71. DOI https://doi.org/10.22487/agroland.v8i1.903
Munawar, A. 2013. Soil Physical Properties and Plant Nutrition. Bogor Agricultural University Press. Bogor.
Njurumana, G.N.D., Hidayatullah, M., and Butarbutar, T. 2008. Soil Conditions in the Kaliwu and Mawar Systems in Timor and Sumba. Kupang Forestry Research Institute, Kupang.
Nugroho, Y. 2009. Analysis of Physical-Chemical Properties and Soil Fertility at the Planned Location of Industrial Plantation Forest PT. Prima Multibuwana. Journal of Borneo's Tropical Forests. 10 (27) : 222-229.
Puslittanak. 2005. One Century of Indonesian Soil Research Institute 1905-2005. Center for Soil and Agro-climate Research and Development, Bogor.
Rahim, S.E. 2003. Soil Erosion Control in the Context of Environmental Preservation. Earth script, Jakarta.
Refliaty and EJ., Marpaung. 2010. Stability of Ultisol Aggregates. J. Hidrolitan. Jambi University Faperta.
Rismunandar. 1986. Cultivating Five Types of Onions. Bandung: New Light.
Rohmat, D., and Soekarno. 2006. Formulation of the Effects of Soil Physical Properties on Permeability and Soil Suction Head (Study to Increase Infiltration Rate). Bionatura Journal. 8(1) :1-9.
Sallata, M.K. 2011. Mismanagement, Forest Areas Potentially Wasteful of Water. Tropical Color. Center for Conservation and Rehabilitation Research and Development. 5 (1) : 171-184.
Setyowati, D.L. 2007. Soil Physical Properties and Soil Capability in Prescribing Water, Geography Department of FIS UNNES. 4(2) :14-22.
Sudaryono, 2001. The Effect of Soil Conditioning Materials on the Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil in Sandy Marginal Lands. Journal of Environmental Technology, 2 (1) : 106-112.
Sukmana, 1984. Effect of bulk density on pore size distribution and growth of rice and peanut plants. Proceedings No. 4 Bogor Soil Research Center.
Supadma, A.N., Dana, I.M., and Arthagama, I.D.M. 2020. Increasing Shallot Yield and Changes in Soil Chemical Properties with Semi-Organic Balanced Fertilization on Inceptisol Soil. Agrotrope: Journalon Agriculture Science. 10 (1) : 67-76 .
Tarigan, E.S.Br., Guchi H., and Marbun P. 2015. Evaluation of the Status of Organic Matter and Soil Physical Properties (Bulk Density, Texture, Soil Temperature) on Coffee Plantation (Coffea Sp.) in Several Districts of Dairi Regency. Agroecotechnology. 3 (1) : 187-200.
Tewu, R.W., Karamoy, L.T., and Pioh, D. 2016. Study of the Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil in Sandy Soils in Noongan Village, West Langowan District. In Cocos. 7(2) : 97-120.
Wilson, Supriadi and Hardi Guchi. 2015. Evaluation of Soil Chemical Properties on Coffee land in Mandailing Natal District. Journal of Agroecotechnology Online. 3(2) : 642-648.
Copyright (c) 2023 AGROLAND The Agricultural Sciences Journal (e-Journal)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.