Article History

Submited : November 3, 2023
Published : November 29, 2023

The Covid-19 pandemic that has occurred in Indonesia has brought many significant impacts on human life in various aspects of people's lives.  Policies during the pandemic such as Work from Home (WFH) and Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB) have also had a socioeconomic impact on the community, including the most basic needs, namely food. On the other hand, agricultural land that continues to be eroded for the benefit of development and the age of farmers who are on average old whose ability to grow them is declining also play a role in the decline in food. The threat of a food crisis is now gradually beginning to haunt the entire society. Based on Global Hunger Indonesia (GHI) data, the hunger rate of people in Indonesia is in the serious category even though it has decreased from 24.9% (2010) to 20.1% in 2019. Indonesia must remain vigilant against the threat of famine that can trigger various kinds of major issues such as health, social and security. Urban farming is a gardening concept by utilizing the space in the house or settlement. Based on the foregoing, urban farming is very supportive and gives positive appreciation because it has proven to provide more benefits for the community in the midst of a pandemic. A number of studies also mention that urban farming can be an ideal agricultural concept in the future.  In addition to the considerable benefits of urban farming, the main challenges in urban farming are determining how to monitor, regulate, and minimize risks in environmental, economic, and socio-environmental forms and understanding how urban farming can be sustainable in urban food systems globally. Urban agriculture can increase the value of food locality and reduce the energy spent in the fruit and vegetable production process. Therefore, the city government has an important role in providing specific regulations to support the implementation of sustainable urban farming.

Abu, G.A., & Soom, A. (2016). Analysis of Factors Affecting Food Security in Rural and Urban farming Households of Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics. 4(1): 55-68

Ali, Shahjahan, Thuhid Noor, and Khandaker Jahangir. 2016. “The Determinants of Food Security among Households in Rangpur City , Bangladesh : A Logistic Regression Approach” 7, no. 4: 51–56. https://doi.org/10.9790/59330704035156.

Andini, Maya, Ova Candra Dewi, and Annisa Marwati. 2021. “Urban Farming During the Pandemic and Its Effect on Everyday Life.” International Journal of Built Environment and Scientific Research 5, no. 1: 51. https://doi.org/10.24853/ijbesr.5.1.51-62

Ashari, Saptana, dan Tri Bastuti Purwantini. 2012. “SUPPORTING FOOD SECURITY Potential Use of Backyard Land for Food Security,” 13–30.

Adenegan, K.O., Balogun, O.L., & Yusuf, T.O. (2015). Initial Household Assets and Profitability of Urban farming. International Journal of Vegetable Science. 22(2): 1-8

Amaliyah, N. & S. Sarwoprasodjo. (2018). Iklim Komunikasi dan Partisipasi dalam Program Pertanian Perkotaan. Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan. 16(1): 1-14.

Amelia, S., & Nawangsari, E.R. (2021). Implementasi Program Urban farming Sebagai Upaya Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Pangan pada Masa Pandemi COVID-19. Jurnal GOVERNANSI, 7(2): 121-130.

Andini, M., Dewi, O.C., Marwati, A. (2021). Urban farming During the Pandemic and Its Effect on Everyday Life. International Journal of Built Environment and Scientific Research. 5(1): 51-62.
Atik, & Jones. (2017). Urban farming dalam Kampung Vertikal sebagai Upaya Efisiensi Keterbatasan Lahan. Jurnal Sains Dan Seni Pomits. 6(2): 95–99.

Azunre, G.A., Amponsah, O., Peprah, C., Takyi, S.A., Braimah, I.A. (2019). A Review of The Role of Urban Agriculture in The Sustainable City Discourse. Cities. 93: 104-119.

Belinda, N., & Rahmawati, D. (2017). Pengembangan Urban farming Berdasarkan Preferensi Masyarakat Kecamatan Semampir Kota Surabaya. Jurnal Teknik ITS, 6(2): 11-14.

Chandra, A., & J.A. Diehl. (2019). Urban Agriculture, Food Security, and Development Policies in Jakarta: A Case Study of Farming Communities at Kalideres – Cengkareng District, West Jakarta. Journal Land Use Policy. 89: 1-12

Clintock, M.N. (2010). Why Farm the City? Theorizing Urban Agriculture Through a Lens of Metabolic Rift. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society. 3(2): 191-207

Fauzi, A. R., Ichniarsyah, A. N., & Agustin, H. (2016). Pertanian perkotaan: urgensi, peranan, dan praktik terbaik. Jurnal Agroteknologi. 10(1): 49-62

Ha, T. T. P. (2019). Gender Roles in Different Farming Systems in The Mekong Delta Floodplains, Vietnam. Lower Mekong Public Policy Initiative. Selangor

Hagey, A., Rice, S., Flournoy, R. (2012). Grow Urban Agriculture: Equitable Strategies and Policies for Improving Access to Healthy Food and Revitalizing Communities. Policylink. New York.

Haletky, N., Taylor, O., Weidner, J., & Gerbing, S. (2006). Urban Agriculture as a Solution to Food Insecurity: West Oakland and People’s Grocery. Urban Action. 49: 49-57.

Kang, Y., A. Baidya., A. Aaron., J. Wang., C. Chan., E. Wetzler. (2021). Differences in the early impact of COVID-19 on food security and livelihoods in rural and urban areas in the Asia Pacific Region. Journal Global Food Security. 31: 1-12

Krisnawati, Atika, and M Farid Ma’ruf. 2016. "Model of Community Empowerment Through the Concept of Urban Farming (Urban Farming) (Study on Elok Mekar Sari Farmer Group, Semolowaru Village, Surabaya City)." Publica 4, no. 4:1–11.

Kruijswijk, Wilco, Barbara Da Roit, and Marcel Hoogenboom. 2015. “Elasticity of Care Networks and the Gendered Division of Care.” Ageing and Society 35, no. 4: 675–703. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X13000822.

Lu, Y., Zhao, J., Wu, X., & Lo, S. M. (2021). Escaping to Nature During A Pandemic: A Natural Experiment in Asian Cities During The COVID-19 Pandemic with Big Social Media Data. Science of the Total Environment. 777: 146092

Maconachie, R., T. Binns., P. Tengbe. (2012). Urban farming associations, youth and food security in post-war Freetown, Sierra Leone. Jurnal Cities. 192-200.

Mertens, D. M. (2015). Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology: Integrating Diversity with Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA.

Miles, & Huberman. (2014). Analisis Data Kualitatif. Terjemahan Tejetped Rohendi Rohidi. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia.

Nzimande, Phumelele, and South Africa. 2017. “Does Urban Agriculture Create Job Opportunities,” no. June. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.33210.18882.

Oberholtzer, L., C. Dimitri., A. Pressman. (2014). Urban Agriculture in the United States: Characteristics, Challenges, and Technical Assistance Needs. Journal of Extension. 52(6): 1-5

Pasha, Riza Fadholi, Sheily Widyaningsih, R Rijanta, Kampung Hijau, and Kota Yogyakarta. 2014. “IDENTIFICATION OF URBAN FARMING IN THE GREEN KAMPONG” 6: 63–72.

Prasetyo, Lilik Budi. 1981. Landscape Ecology Approach to Biodiversity Conservation. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling. Vol. 53.

Ragasa, Catherine, Noora Lisa Aberman, and Cristina Alvarez Mingote. 2019. “Does Providing Agricultural and Nutrition Information to Both Men and Women Improve Household Food Security? Evidence from Malawi.” Global Food Security 20, no. June: 45–5.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2018.12.007.

Robertson, Carolyn. 2013. “The Role of Gender in Urban Agriculture : A Case Study of Cape Town ’ s Urban and Peri-Urban Townships By.”

Sisodia, G.S., Alshamsi, R., Sergi, B.S. (2020). Business Valuation Strategy for New Hydroponic farm Development – A Proposal Towards Sustainable Agriculture Development in United Arab Emirates. British Food Journal, 123(4): 1560-1577.

Specht, Kathrin, Rosemarie Siebert, Ina Hartmann, Ulf B Freisinger, Dietrich Henckel, Heike Walk, and Axel Dierich. 2014. “Urban Agriculture of the Future : An Overview of Sustainability Aspects of Food Production in and on Buildings,” 33–51.https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-013-9448-4.

Spiker, Marie L, Joel Welling, Daniel Hertenstein, Suvankar Mishra, Krishna Mishra, Kristen M Hurley, Roni A Neff, Jess Fanzo, and Bruce Y Lee. 2023. “When Increasing Vegetable Production May Worsen Food Availability Gaps : A Simulation Model in India.” Food Policy 116, no. March 2022: 102416.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2023.102416.

Wang, D., & Glicksman, A. (2013). “Being Grounded”: Benefits of Gardening for Older Adult in Low-Income Housing. Journal of Housing for The Elderly. 27(1): 89-104.
Putri, R., Sutrisno, J., Wahyono, E., Saeri, M., Burhansyah, R., & Supriyadi, S. (2023). URBAN FARMING: ALTERNATIVE SUSTAINABLE FOOD SYSTEMS AFTER THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC. AGROLAND The Agricultural Sciences Journal (e-Journal), 10(2), 103 - 110. https://doi.org/10.22487/agroland.v0i0.1939